Impact of policies on residential multi-energy systems for consumers and prosumers

Response Doctoral Programme

In multi-energy systems (MES), different energy carriers such as electricity, heat, and gas interact with each other. When optimally designed and operated, MES can outperform energy systems without sector coupling in terms of economic, environmental, and social sustainability. MES can thus contribute to the transition towards affordable, low-carbon and secure energy.

Since policies affect the adoption and the design of MES, questions arise about how policy design enables the benefits of MES, and how they shape the interplay between the three sustainability dimensions. Models can be used to understand the impact of policy schemes on the transition to sustain-able energy systems. The impact of policy mechanisms on energy choices of end-users might differ depending on their ability to benefit from them.

This publication of RESPONSE fellow Linda Brodnicke shows the impact of policy schemes on the design of MES and their economic, environmental, and social sustainability whilst considering differences in the ability of consumers and prosumers to benefit from subsidies.

Read the full peer-reviewed article.

Linda Brodnicke is currently a fellow in the RESPONSE Doctoral Programme (DP) «RESPONSE – to society and policy needs through plant, food and energy sciences» funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Grant Agreement No 847585.

Citation: Linda Brodnicke, Paolo Gabrielli, Giovanni Sansavini, Impact of policies on residential multi-energy systems for consumers and prosumers, Applied Energy, Volume 344, 2023, 121276, ISSN 0306-2619,

Featured photo is ETH-licensed from Adobe Stock.

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