Subgenus uncertain

Chelostoma ventrale was formerly treated as a member of the subgenus Foveosmia (Michener, 2007; Ungricht et al., 2008). However, a recent phylogenetic analysis of the genus Chelostoma on a worldwide scale (Sedivy et al., 2008) revealed that this species does not belong to Foveosmia. Its phylogenetic position could not be resolved with certainty. Depending on the analysis, the species was either sister to the subgenus Gyrodromella or sister to the clade Gyrodromella+Chelostoma.

Species accounts

Chelostoma ventrale Schletterer, 1889

1889 Chelostoma ventrale Schletterer, Zoologisches Jahrbuch für Systematik, 4: 633.Type material: Lectotype f, by designation of A. Müller (unpublished), “Nord-Ungarn (S. a. Uihely)” [Hungary], ZMHB (Berlin); paralectotype m.-Combination Heriades ventralis (Schletterer) in Dalla Torre and Friese (1895: 69). Combination Chelostoma (Foveosmia) ventrale Schletterer in Ungricht et al. (2008: 48).

1935 Heriades brevifurca Benoist, Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, 40: 280. Type material: Holotype m, “Asie mineure: Taurus” [Turkey], MNHN (Paris).-Synonymy in Ungricht et al. (2008: 48).

1935 Heriades subnitida Benoist, Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, 40: 278. Type material: Holotype f, “Asie Mineure: Taurus” [Turkey], MNHM (Paris).-New synonymy based on comparison of type specimens (A. Müller, unpublished).

Distribution-Europe: A, BG, CZ, GR, H, HR, PL, RO, SCG, SK, SLO, UA; EFSouthwestern Asia: IL, JOR, RL, SYR, TR.

Identification-Keys, Descriptions: Banaszak and Romasenko (2001); Friese (1898); Medvedeva (1978); Schwarz and Gusenleitner (1999: 211-213); Schwarz and Gusenleitner (2000: 154-160); Stöckhert (1929: 116-117).

Nesting biology: Unknown.

Flower preferences: Oligolectic on Asteroideae (Asteraceae) (Sedivy et al., 2008).