During the site visit at Kampung Melayu, our group saw a clear quality at the river banks of the Ciliwung River which is due to an amalgamation of the presence of open spaces, vegetation and amenities which draw people to the river edge for recreation. This quality diminishes as we proceed to the interior part of the Kampung due to the high density and lack of open space. Bearing this in mind, our design approach tries to enhance the quality in the Kampung by introducing so called pockets of open space between the newly introduced building typologies. One of these pockets is seen as a semipublic space shared and maintained by one building cluster.
We want the ground floor and its activity to adjust to the dynamic topography (including flood surface). On the Kampung level that means that buildings, street live and vegetation adapt to the topological properties of their location. A first intervention will therefore be to clear the river edge of buildings according to the very low topography and to create a buffer zone for the flood. The inner of the kampung will be cleared according to the adaptability of the buildings to the topography. Some of them will be replaced by public open space, some by pekarangans and some by new buildings. The new building clusters will be connected and accessed by balconies. During flood the balconies become the level of the public space where live happens and the goods are traded.
home gardens for the public_The private space/garden in the Kampung is maintained and secured by it’s owners – this is why these spaces work much better than any public one where nobody feels responsible for its maintenance. At the same time we recognized that these private gardens have a positive influence on the public space and can also be temporarily used by the public. We therefore propose to implement a belt of Pekarangan Houses along the River and a Network of Pekarangan Houses over the whole Kampung.Those Houses work as a role model for further renovation of the Kampung and enhance the quality of residential and public spaces.Through this strategy of appealing the current residents by high quality housing typologies, we feel confident that the Pekarangan Houses will develop a healthy and vivid Campuran.
When visiting the Kampung we realized the importance of the street life for the people. The problem is that when the flooding comes, the people are disconnected from roadsystem and infrastructure – the river eats up the streets. Our vision ist to maintain streetlife, infrastructure and connectivity during flooding. We introduce a new typologie of concentrated infrastructural hubs. They are interconected by suspension bridges and are able to provide the qualities and functionality oft he dry season street.
The workshop closed with the Final Review of the Seminarweek at the ValueLab. All groups presented the ideas developed during the workshop in 12 slide presentations. The final review was commented by Professor Hadi, Professor Herlily, Professor Rekittke, Professor Girot, Professor Dr Schmitt, Asst Prof Lehnerer, Rita Padawangi.
The second phase of the workshop took place at the NUS Kent Ridge Campus in Singapore. The ideas of the field work were further investigated and detailed during three days of workshop and desk critiques. Professor Rekittke and Professor Hadi gave lectures.NUS ( National University of Singapore) campusIntroduction: Prof Christophe Girot (FCL_Future Cities Laboratory)Prof Dr Jörg Rekittke_Guest LectureProf Hadi Susilo Arifin_Guest Lecture
The designs developed during the intense field work were presented on the final day in Jakarta. All groups stated their vision for the future of the Kampung Melayu, describing their intervention in the scale of the Unit, the Block and the Kampung. The designs were commented by with Professor Hadi, Professor Herlily, Professor Rekittke, Professor Girot, Dr Surya Tarigan(IPB), Sandiyawan Sumardi (Sanggar Ciliwung Merdeka), Prof Dr Triatno Yudo Hardjoko (UI), Daliana Suryawinata (SHAU), Connor Spreng (World Bank)
The visits to the Kampung were scheduled for three days, always in the morning. In this 3-4 hours, the students could gather information by photographing, sketching, measuring and talking to the inhabitants. The afternoon was left to develop the group projects and discuss it in desk critiques.Kampung Melayu