In the midterm review, the teams presented the last evolution of their development, including ideas about the three scales of analysis (Unit, Block and Kampung). New visions of the river were presented with perspectives, in addition to sections and plans. An overall landscape plan of the Kampung developed by each team describes a complete reading of the site.
A two day workshop with James Melson on the visualization of dynamic landscapes, developing the outcomes of the Jakarta seminar week and workshops. The integration of pointcloud data from the UAV campaign over the city allows more accurate terrain analysis and design testing. The students work with digital sketch models in section, testing the spatial impact of their urban concepts, and generating new variations. In the next stage, the results of the workshop can be tested against the hydrological modeling currently in development at the FCL, Singapore.
Kampung_ “inhabited place larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town,” from Old French village “houses and other buildings in a group” (usually smaller than a town), from Latin villaticum “farmstead” (with outbuildings), noun use of neuter sing. of villaticus “having to do with a farmstead or villa,” from villa “country house”. Village idiot is recorded from 1907/etymology dictionary/
In Malaysia, the term kampung (sometimes spelling kampong) in the English language has been defined specifically as “a Malay hamlet or village in a Malay-speaking country”. In other words, a kampung is defined today as a village in Brunei, Indonesia, Singapore, and Malaysia. In Malaysia, a kampung is determined as a locality with 10,000 or fewer people. Since historical times, every Malay village came under the leadership of a penghulu (village chief), who has the power to hear civil matters in his village (see Courts of Malaysia for more details). A Malay village typically contains a “masjid” (mosque) or “surau” (Muslim chapel), paddy fields and Malay houses on stilts. Malay and Indonesian villagers practice the culture of helping one another as a community, which is better known as “joint bearing of burdens” (gotong royong), as well as being family-oriented (especially the concept of respecting one’s family [particularly the parents and elders]), courtesy and believing in God (“Tuhan”) as paramount to everything else. It is common to see a cemetery near the mosque, as all Muslims in the Malay or Indonesian village want to be prayed for, and to receive Allah’s blessings in the afterlife. While in Sarawak and East Kalimantan, some villages are called ‘long’, primarily inhabited by the Orang Ulu. Singapore also follows the Malaysian kampung. However, there are only a few kampung villages remaining, mostly on islands surrounding Singapore such as Pulau Ubin. In the past, there were many kampung villages in Singapore but now there aren’t many on the mainland. The term “kampung”, sometimes spelled “kampong” is one of many Malay words to have entered common usage in Malaysia and Singapore. Locally, the term is frequently used to refer to one’s hometown.
To maximize high quality space in the kampung, a reorganization of functions and locations is necessary. We have a focus on open spaces and different strategies are used to increase the amount and quality of these spaces. We made examples of how open spaces in the kampung could be transformed. An open space could either be strengthened as a green space, or used as a site for a high density building. Weak housing structures would be given new use, for example as a base for a garden, that would work as flood protection for houses. We propose high buildings along the depot and towards the river, to create open alleys between water and street.
The main goal is to improve the living quality in the flood-affected areas inside the Kampung while densifying it at the same time. Due to this densification it is necessary to build enough free spaces. Therefore we propose three different kind of built open spaces:
1. Open Spaces at the River (Wall Gardens at the embankment area and dense four to six story houses on the erosion-side). 2. Streets as Open Spaces (Widened Streets in order to handle the traffic and to allow access to the infrastructure services such as trash collection and drinking water supply). 3. Open Spaces inside the Block in order to bring enough light and air inside the units.
During our work in the field we gathered information on two different aspects. The first being the structural integrity of the buildings along our section (section 1A), the second one being the current land ownership situation. Based on this knowledge we decided to consolidate the land and step back the settlement on the river front and to compensate the land owners through further densification of existing buildings and by providing them on the new river front with a layer of pekarangan (private gardens). Through these measures and the introduction of a new vertical building typology along the river bank we applied our overall concept of “Facing The River”, which pursues the intention of turning the peoples focus from the interior of the kampung back towards the river.
River strategy: The main approach was to redefine a new edge removing the vulnerable settlements along the river, widening the riverbank and implementing new greenery. The river should also be activated as a transport line where goods and people can be transferred within the whole kampung. Land strategy: The site was divided into three layers – a new hard edge on the southern Part of Bukit Buri, a transportation backbone in the centre and e quiet green belt along the northern river side. Existent qualities in Bukit Duri were strengthened. The activities of workshops, shops, carpentries and traffic were enhanced. The old railway depot has been reactivated as a train station, the workshops densified and a new flexible building structure is planned.