The Hub Bukit Duri around the train station is connected to the Kampung with system of little ferries on the river. Different docking places along the Ciliwung transport people and goods whereas every second is only for goods especially garbage that is collected and recycled next to the station. Along the river there is a green belt that consists of public park strips or agricultural terraces that local people can use as productive gardens or farm fish in little ponds. The greenis interrupted by the docking places that also mark local centers of the housing blocks with a mosque and public space for recreation, markets and other community activities of the inhabitants can take place. The new river profile is widened in order to provide a higher water capacity during the flooding season. A narrower inner canal and a system of weirs allows the barges to operate also during dry periods and at places where the water would be too shallow.
To maximize high quality space in the kampung, a reorganization of functions and locations is necessary. We have a focus on open spaces and different strategies are used to increase the amount and quality of these spaces. We made examples of how open spaces in the kampung could be transformed. An open space could either be strengthened as a green space, or used as a site for a high density building. Weak housing structures would be given new use, for example as a base for a garden, that would work as flood protection for houses. We propose high buildings along the depot and towards the river, to create open alleys between water and street.
River strategy: The main approach was to redefine a new edge removing the vulnerable settlements along the river, widening the riverbank and implementing new greenery. The river should also be activated as a transport line where goods and people can be transferred within the whole kampung. Land strategy: The site was divided into three layers – a new hard edge on the southern Part of Bukit Buri, a transportation backbone in the centre and e quiet green belt along the northern river side. Existent qualities in Bukit Duri were strengthened. The activities of workshops, shops, carpentries and traffic were enhanced. The old railway depot has been reactivated as a train station, the workshops densified and a new flexible building structure is planned.
As a first step towards a more flood resistant landscape, we propose to widen the river to about the double width. We propose a park on the tip of the peninsula, that continues along the southern river edge. The whole river has a steeped edge with a pathway and trees on top, in order to prevent people from reoccupying the area towards the river. It also changes the river from its function as a place for sewage and garbage discharge in the backyard of the poor houses towards a public space.
We propose a unit structure based on a water core with a skeleton attatched to it. Residents build theire own units within the skeleton. Rain water is collected on the roofs of the units, and stored in a watertank within the core. This water is used for kitchen and toilets in every unit, and the greywater is filtered and sent back into the ground. A typical unit consists of 4*4meters floor area on 4 levels. The ground floor is free and open for temporal programs when the area is not flooded.