In the most flood prone areas, a sequence of islands is formed. Close to those islands a new typology of Cluster Units is implemented. Split up into smaller units, the buildings fit into the existing subblock structures and mediate the newly introduced scale with the existing urban fabric. Along the river, a series of gardens provide a private type of green space. As soon as the water level rises, islands and gardens become part of a river that has a cross-section of at least 30 metres. In flood case the courtyards of the Cluster Units stay dry. Underneath those raised courtyards, there are membrane filtering systems to provide drinking water. Through our project the Kampung becomes a system of islands and is provided with infrastructure and green spaces.
In the most flood prone areas where building quality is the worst, there are islands created through canals. Those islands are used as town forests and restricted for people apart from the forestry workmen. On the opposite side of the canal there are eight storey courtyard buildings placed, which are of a mixed use of housing, shops and working space. The courtyard is one storey raised in order to get space for infrastructure (membrane filtration system, water tanks, garbage collection) and open working area for the workshops in the first storey which are on a flood proof level. The concrete structure provides infrastructural cores (stairs and wet walls) and slabs. Therefore the facade is nonstructural and can be constructed by the inhabitants.